what is forklift definition and development

- May 03, 2020-

Forklift Definition and Development

1, Definition of Forklift

Forklift is an industrial handling vehicle, which refers to various wheeled handling vehicles for loading, unloading, stacking and short-distance transportation of palletized goods. International Organization for Standardization ISO / TC110 is called industrial vehicles. It is mainly used for loading and unloading, pushing, depalletizing and short-distance manual work. It is widely used in ports, docks, railway stations and warehouses, and various factories. It is usually driven by fuel engines or batteries.

2, Forklift development:

(1) The emergence of forklifts: 

Forklifts first appeared between 1914 and 1915, and began to be sold on the market in the 1930s. During the Second World War, due to the need to move military supplies, the development of forklifts was promoted.

(2) Development of Chinese forklifts:

A. 1950s: The country copied the Soviet Union's 5-ton mechanical transmission forklift, FAW head, and drived it backwards;

B. 1960s: Surveying and mapping Japanese forklifts;

C. Joint design in the 1970s has laid the foundation for the Chinese forklift industry, and its impact is far-reaching;

D. 1980s-new series design: There are many varieties, 0.5 to 6 tons, a total of 16 different tonnages, 42 varieties 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.25, 1.5, 1.75, 2, 2.25, 2.5, 2.75, 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5, 6 tons of gasoline, diesel, Mechanical, hydraulic.

New technology, wide-view mast, gearbox synchronizer shift, small and medium tonnage hydraulic transmission and power steering

As the final product of the planned economy, promotion is unfavorable

E. 1980s-Introduce:

  Beijing: Japan Mitsubishi

  Tianjin: Bulgaria Balkan

  Baoji, Hefei: Japan TCM (Tongyang Transport Cargo Club)

F. Joint venture:

  Beijing Halla, Tianjin Balkan, Hunan Desda,

  Hunan Xiangpu, Anhui TCM, Zhenjiang Fuma,

  Hangzhou Nissan, Dalian Mitsubishi, Suzhou Toyota,

  Xiamen Komatsu, Xiamen Linde, Yantai Daewoo,

  Shanghai Hyster, Shanghai Lizhiyou, Shandong Tailifu,

  Baoji Tai Li Fu

G. 1990s-foreign investment:

  Xiamen: Linde, Germany

  Hefei: TCMhl (TCM Heli)

  Taiwan: Tailift

material handling